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Guiding Season 

Top 5 questions that I hear every guiding season on the rivers here in Ontario. 

5. Is the the fishing better when it’s sunny or when it’s cloudy? 

4. When streamer fishing should the fly be stripped fast or slow?

3. Is the fishing better earlier in the morning or later on towards dusk?

2. Which is the best Fly to use?

1. How do I read the water? Where do the fish spend most of their time? Slow pools, faster current, pocket water, the end of a run?

These first 4 questions can all be debated with many different conclusions. But the last question is more scientific. This is the main reason why most Fly Fisherman fail in their search for our swimming trophies. Most anglers are fishing in the wrong spots. 

We have 5 basic sections of a river. 

A Riffle which is the shallow turbulent beginning of a stretch. I see many people wading in this water. This usually has some good hiding areas even though it is quite shallow. Trout will definitely feed in this section. Plus they don’t have as much time to think about your fly. I like to work these Riffles hard. 

The Main Run. This is deeper then the Riffle but has a smooth, constant flow. Trout will definitely be feeding in this column of water. Streamers are very effective here as well as midges, nymphs and dries. Look for the foam line here. The food channel. 

There are the swirling backwards, reverse flow sections called Eddys. Insects usually get trapped in this flow. Get your Fly down in this section to keep it in the hitting zone as long as possible. Most angler’s do not get, and keep the fly in front of the fish long enough in this section. 

The main Pool. Most anglers only attack this section. Of course it will hold many fish but do not always concentrate here. This is a good resting area for fish. This may not be the most active of spots throughout the day. This is good cover plus this is usually where most spooked fish will hide. 

The Tailout. Shallow back end of the pool. Usually quite a few larger rocks and gravel have been pushed here along with other debris. To me this section is the most overlooked portion of the river. Many of our Steelhead and Trophy Smallmouth Bass have been found at these Tailouts. Fish these sections hard. The fish WILL be here and many of them are there to feed. 

Concentrate on all sections of our rivers but don’t forget about the Riffles and the Tailouts. Top and bottom sections. They do produce. There are many other locations of our rivers that provide cover. Pocket water, deep cuts along the banks of the river and woody areas for ambushing. All great holding areas. 

Many of our larger rivers can be very intimidating. These larger rivers all can be dissected into smaller sections. Fish need to eat but they also need to rest. Pick apart the river before you walk in and have a game plan. 

Good luck this upcoming season! 

Ontario’s Leading Guiding Company for Fly Fishing Education

Wow. That’s a bold statement. If any of you know me, I am not a person who stands on the top of a rock and beats his chest with bravado. But I guess it’s time to monkey up.

I have never been as excited and confident about our Fly Fishing School as I am now. The Trout opener is only days away and the trout flies are rapidly in production for our upcoming students. Each day I get “the” question. “Do you think we will catch a fish?” I politely nod and say “well that is up to the trout”. It’s called fishing. Not catching.

What I do love to hear however is “Why did the fish finally decide to bite?” This usually happens nearing the end of our Learn to Fly Fish Day. When ever I hear this question it is time to sit on the side of the bank and explain why we had some hookups. Quite simply, the fish did not suddenly turn on. Or for some magical reason the guide found that “lucky” fly. I explain that it has everything to do with the student”s ability. Sure there is luck in fly fishing but just a little. Most times if there is a hookup (especially for trout) it is due to skill. If we are streamer fishing then the student moved that fly fast enough to entice the trout. Or if we are nymphing or dry fly fishing usually the student has grasped the concept of mending the line or other casting or fishing skills.

The trout did not decide to finally get hungry. It is the skill of the new fly fisherman that has brought these fish to the fly. The smiles on each of my students is always the expression that brings me back to the river anticipating another fun filled Learn to Fly Fish Day.

Good luck out there. We have the whole season ahead of us!

Fly fishing season in Ontario is soon!

Tie some of these flies and hang on.

Take a look at your fly boxes. A real hard look. Be honest with yourself. How many of those flies buried deep among a hundred other flies actually worked last year. If you’re like me there are only a handful of them that truly performed.

Steelhead Flies

To open up a fly box and see the whole container filled with different patterns and colours is an awesome sight. Trout, Steelhead, Smallmouth Bass and Musky containers just don’t look professional enough unless they are busting at the seams. Right? But realistically, we probably only use 25 -30% of what lies deep in our fishing packs or vests.
Fly Fishing Lodges. enjoy your fly fishing day and come back and relax at Calmwaters Cottage.

Musky fly

This season try and go skinny. Skinny meaning less flies in your packs and more emphasis on your technique and presentation. While working resident trout take 5 – 7 patterns each with a few different colour combinations. Same with Steelhead or Smallmouth Bass (even less) or Musky. Working the river and getting the fly in front of the fish is more important then changing patterns every 5 minutes to finding that lucky fly. Most good fly fisherman have a few “go to” patterns that they constantly use and fish with confidence.

It is this confidence that gives you the focus to drift that fly towards the fish. Travel light, and fish smart.

Ontario Fly Fishing Education for Kids

Let’s face it we all want our children to grow up having the same interests as ourselves. Fly Fishing is no exception. Yet, the more we as parents push our kids to enjoy our hobbies the more they seem to turn away. My daughter at the young age of 8 took an interest in following her dad along the river banks and I couldn’t have been happier. Yet, keeping her focused along the way at that young age was a challenge. She was not unlike any other child. If the fishing was slow, the fidgeting began. Luckily, I  found the solution to continue our day on the water. Timing and of course, crayfish. 

Many customers ask at what age can they start teaching their youth. Of course it depends on the child but 8 years old seems to be a good age. Start them in the summer months where the water is warm and the crayfish are plentiful. Why crayfish? Smallmouth Bass love them. And if I may add,  if crayfish hunting was an Olympic sport then I would have won the gold medal hands down. When I’m teaching a young child we start our fly fishing lesson learning the cast. Kids can grasp this much quicker then adults. 40 minutes is all that is usually needed on dry land. Once we move to the river I find we have about 25 minutes before the fidgeting begins. Once this starts, we put the fly rod away and begin our search turning over rocks for smallmouth’s favourite food source. Usually 30 minutes of laughter and squealing will enable us to have the young ones back with the fly rod in their hands.

Picking through the fly box for a crayfish pattern that is similar to the one that attached itself to a finger is as fun as trying to catch these quick crustaceans. Yet when a nice smallmouth bass hits this hand picked pattern all boredom has left the river. Yes, the fly fishing lesson will be over shortly but the day will be remembered for a long time. Both by the youthful student and of course by Mom or Dad.

It’s not always about the technical part of fly fishing that is the most important. It’s also about the experience above and below the rivers that gives us happiness. My daughter still to this day will hunt for crayfish on our many Ontario rivers. Her passion for the art of fly fishing and her love of the river has made her a perfect choice to be our newest fly fishing guide for Calmwaters Fly Fishing. She also would be a Gold Medal contender to the “Crayfish Hunting” event.Alyx Parks

Fly Fishing with confidence 

Let’s face it, fly fishing is not all about catching the “big” one.

I love everything about this silent sport. Activities such as tying flies, organizing my fly box, popping into my favourite fly shop for some much needed fish chatter, plus purchasing some new gear keeps my blood rolling. Even the quiet 2 hour drive at 4:00 in the morning, sipping on my medium regular Timmies and munching on some unhealthy timbits (oh so tasty) is a treat. The sound of the fast moving, cold water hitting my waders as I step into my chosen Steelhead River is music to my ears. The surroundings, the wind, the rain or the sun all feel good on my skin. I say to myself that I don’t need to catch a fish to enjoy my day, yet the little voice in my head chirps up and says “ARE YOU OUT OF YOUR MIND”! img_3782.jpg

I quickly regroup and dig deep into my Chest Pack and pull out my favourite fly. I’m sure everyone who fishes for Steelhead has that “favourite fly” in their arsenal. The one that seems to catch most of your Steelhead throughout the season. Why does it work? Because you fish it with confidence. That’s why.

I have a different “chosen fly” for each system I fish. Silver and purples for the Toronto area tributaries. Black for the Collingwood area streams. Pink and Green for the Huron rivers. I’m sure other people have their own favourite fly patterns and colours for our Ontario tributaries. Yet fly fisherman who connect with Steelhead time after time, fish with confidence with their special flies. They’re focused on its swing, depth and movement throughout the current. Watching every subtle change that occurs in the river. If you believe that your fly will produce, then that fly will. Confidence is the key.



Fish your fly with confidence and passion.

Fly Fishing for Ontario Steelhead

I have been down on the Gulf Coast in Florida for the past couple of weeks.

Pretty much have fished everyday. Sometimes in the Canals here in Cape Coral and other days waist deep in the chilly ocean.

Lake Okeechobee has been releasing 1,000’s of gallons of fresh water, along with the sludge from the sugar cane fields into the Caloosahatchee River which feeds into the ocean by Sanibel. The water here now has a dark copper look and is to fresh for most of the fish to stay in the area. Hence the fishing is mighty tough!

I have spoken to a few fishing guides in the area and needless to say, tempers are high. Their business has plummeted. My acquaintances down here who are not guides or fisherman have mentioned on numerous occasions that the guiding community must be so upset at not being able to make the money that they usually would.

Take a fly fishing lesson from Calmwaters Fly Fishing.

This is not the case.

It is the health and well being of the ocean inhabitants that concerns them the most.

As a fly fisherman I understand this. In fact you don’t have to be a fly fisherman to truly care about the fish that we love to target. There has been much chatter about catch and release for Steelhead here on our rivers in Ontario. Our yields of Steelhead have been dismal. I have stayed out of many of the conversations on Social Media this past year, yet seeing what is happening here in Florida I have decided to throw in my two cents.

I understand the argument regarding the science behind our river systems. Help prevent run off from farm land and factories that may be a detriment to our spawning fish. Fix up our tributaries making it is easier for the Steelhead to spawn. I understand the argument that it is a persons right to be able to harvest a fish for their own consumption. I understand that some years we will have smaller runs of Steelhead.

I also understand that humans can annihilate a species within no time at all. Trying to figure the problem of low yields through Science makes sense. However sometimes we need to back away from logical solutions and listen to Mother Nature and regroup. It is us that has created the problem. It is up to us to fix it.

Ontario Steelhead season. Take a fly fishing lesson from Ontario Guide Jeff Parks. Calmwaters Fly Fishing.

A total ban on harvesting? No. A smaller amount of fish taken per season? Yes. A total ban on Roe? Yes. Certain areas of a river for Catch and Release only? Yes. We know where the fish are greater in numbers. Increase that area for Catch and Release. Not the whole river, but certain sections only. Portions either farther upstream or downstream closer to the Lakes. Implement positive changes to help our fish Spawn.

Most of our rivers are within a two hour drive from Toronto. Very accessible. Extremely enjoyable for every type of fisherman.

To me a true naturalist is a hunter and/or a fisherman, as they understand the philosophy of the game. The game of life. Change is needed on our River Systems here in Ontario. It is time to speak up. I for one do not want to stop anyone from fishing. I am willing to do my part to help implement any changes. I strongly feel our river systems and the lakes that house them need our attention.

Not later. Now.

Steelhead Travels

My early Steelhead years were tough years. Like most fly fisherman who are new to the game we look at the river and have not much confidence as we slip into the rivers and begin our fly casts. Like everyone, I bought the Steelhead flies that all the experts used. Yet for the first 2-3 years these flies remained untouched by our Ontario chrome beauties.

Frustrated and yet determined I persevered through the tough first few seasons. I loved the drive up to our many Steelhead Rivers. It was my time alone and the usual 2 hour drive to the river was extremely enjoyable. Like most of us I enjoy the country roads. It was a game to see how many small quiet roads I could take in order to stay off the main highway or the main county roads. Easier, and most times quicker.

This brings me to my main point. Many new fly fisherman will jump into the rivers and fish along their fellow anglers in the common runs. Other fisherman are there so there must be fish there, right? Yet Steelhead are not unlike us humans. They too are going for a journey. The main rivers here in Ontario are their highways to their destinations.

Like us, the main channel can sometimes be not the desired route for our fishy friends. When I’m guiding a new Fly Fisherman I try to explain that these fish also like to take the easy route. Closer to the banks of the river are quiet areas to rest. More commotion in the main channel will also divert these Steelhead to quieter and slower currents. 

These are the country roads for our Ontario gems. If you’re lucky enough to be fishing a run by yourself, don’t hit the main channel first. Move your Fly in and out of the soft current close to the bank. It doesn’t need to be that deep. You’ll probably find some fish lazily feeding or resting in the calm water. Or more realistically, resting and travelling the quiet country roads to their own destination.


Fly Fishing School: Learn how to fly fish on the Grand River, Fergus, Ontario

Is it a good idea to enrol in Calmwaters School of Fly Fishing? You bet! To pick up a fly rod and give it a go by yourself or with a friend can be a daunting task. This is what I hear almost every time I begin our day with new fly fishing pupils. The Grand River in Fergus Ontario is a terrific River to not only learn to fly fish but as a guide, it is a great River to teach on also. It has everything that a Trout River has to offer. Rapids, slow pools, streamer fishing, dry fly fishing and nymph fishing.

Your day will start with an hour of dry land training, learning the fly cast and some very basic information about fly fishing. This is the easy part of the day. Most clients feel quite comfortable with their cast as we begin to prepare to walk into the river for the first time. However, and I do stress this, all clients seem to forget absolutely everything they learned on land as they enter the “real world” of fly fishing and the water begins to rush past there legs and the wind begins to take over. Yet, because of our dry land training it is quite easy to recapture the muscle memory of the fly cast and begin to put it all together on the stream. 

Casting is the simple part of this sport. Learning about keeping a tight line between the fly and the “trigger finger” is a simple exercise but a very difficult task to master. Mending of the fly is a must, yet most people do not do this nearly enough. Through this “on the water education” you will learn these and many other aspects of fly fishing. Guiding people as they progress is very rewarding. Both myself and my clients feel excited with every accomplishment. 

Calmwaters Fly Fishing School will help you with with the physical part of this sport but we also focus on the mental aspects of fly fishing. Helping you to become closer with the river and its inhabitants are as important as mastering the cast.

Take a guide day with Calmwaters Fly Fishing and see how our education can bring you closer to nature as well as yourself. 

Leader and tippet set up for different situations

Since I’ve been lucky enough to spend quite a bit of time kayaking the mangroves in the Sanibel/Pine Island area of Florida I have found that the leader and Tippet set up is not as technical as some may think. 

When I first started roaming the eerie heavily foliage of the mangroves I purchased all the best Leaders that the suppliers had to offer. I used all different lengths and strengths. Bought the best that money could buy. I came to the conclusion that I was wasting to much money and I wasn’t really in control of my own fly fishing destiny. I was told that you needed heavy strong tippet’s so as you could pull the fish out of the tangled brush that these fish will wind themselves in. Made sense for a bit. However the more I fished, the more I began to understand that I needed to back off and use shorter leaders and lighter tippet’s.

Why? About 6 years ago I hooked a Snook the size of a freight train. I had 30lb test on and as this fish dragged me back and forth in and out of the mangroves I couldn’t break the line fast enough. There are no breaks on a kayak. About a long minute later I was able to break free. My face was cut, my hands were badgered and I lost one of my favourite fly boxes. I’m decided that it was time to stop being a hero.

These mangroves have sharp thorns and very hard vines. Lots of snakes, spiders and who knows what else live in them. My set up now is as follows. About 3′ of 30lb, 3′ of 20lb and about a foot of 1X tippet. All of this fluorocarbon. Total length about 7 feet. Plus easy to break off if you hook onto a monster. The mangroves are not like fishing for Steelhead in one of our Ontario rivers, or even Smallmouth bass in some heavily wooded river. 

Forget the hero photo. If it’s to big, let it go!

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